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Biography

A 1989-batch Indian Civil Services Officer who took Voluntary Retirement in 2021 after a distinguished career in public service spanning over three decades, Dr. Archana G. Gulati is a Public Policy, Telecom, Digital Regulation, and Competition Policy & Law Expert. She has worked as Senior Adviser on Competition Law with Trilegal and Head of Public Policy at Google, India. Dr. Archana G. Gulati has been an expert/resource person for the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) since 2010. She teaches Digital and Competition Policy & Law at leading Law Universities and Public Policy Institutes and provides strategic advice to law firms, think tanks etc.

Her educational qualifications include a BA Honours ( Economics) from Lady Sri Ram College, Delhi University, an LLM (Telecom & IT law) from the University of Strathclyde, UK, and a PhD. from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. She is Certified in Higher Education (Harvard University) and Governance of AI, Privacy & Data Protection (London School of Economics & Political Science).

Dr Gulati believes in regulation and business practices that foster citizen/consumer trust. She has put this philosophy into practice in her various posts in the Indian Government. Most recently, these included:

  • Advisor (Digital Communications) at the National Institute for Transforming India (NITI Aayog). 
  • Senior Deputy Director-General in the Department of Telecommunications & Officer on Special Duty (OSD) to the Chairperson of the Telecom Commission of India. 
  • Advisor and Head Combinations (M&A) Division at the Competition Commission of India
  • Financial Advisor to the Vice Chairperson of India’s National Disaster Management Authority
  • Administrator (Finance) of the Universal Service Fund of India. 
  • Co-rapporteur of the ITU-Development sector’s Study Group 1, Q6/1 (2018-21) dealing with Consumer Protection in the Digital Age
  • Vice-Chair (Asia Pacific region) of the ITU Working Group on Finance and Human Resources.
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Education

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, PhD, 2020
  • Indian Institute of Public Administration, India, M.Phil., 2017
  • University of Strathclyde, UK, LL.M., (Telecom & IT), 2011
  • ICFAI University, India, B.G.L., 2007
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University, India, MBA, 2004
  • Madras University, India, M.Sc., Defence & Strategic Studies, 2001
  • Lady Sri Ram College, Delhi University, India, B.A. Hons., (Economics), 1988

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Certifications

  • London School of Economics & Political Science, UK, Ethics of AI certification, 2023
  • London School of Economics & Political Science, UK, Data: Law, Policy & Regulation, 2023
  • Harvard University, USA, Harvard BOK Higher Education Teaching, 2023
  • Alliance Franchise, Delhi, French, Intermediate Level, 2020

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Experience

Indian School of Public POLICY & National Law University, Delhi

November 2022 onwards

Professor of Practice/Guest Faculty

Teaches postgraduate courses/subjects on Consumer-Centric Technology Policy, including consumer protection, competition policy, privacy and data protection, platform economics and regulation, content regulation, universal service, regulation of AI, platform economics and competition, and the intersection of policy issues and providing mentorship on capstone projects. Has taught international regulators and students.

Google

May 2022-October 2022

Director &Head Government Affairs & Public Policy, India

Headed the Public Policy function and advised Google on all policy matters in India, including competition, content regulation, privacy & data governance, cybersecurity, consumer protection, telecoms, and product-specific policies (Maps, Play Store, Search, News etc.)

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Trilegal

October 2021-May 2022

Senior Policy Advisor, Competition Law

Advised the Competition Law Practice on anti-trust and merger review matters.

NITI Aayog, Government of India, New Delhi, India

August 2019-March 2021

Adviser (Digital Communications)

Advised the Vice Chairman & the CEO of NITI Aayog (the Government’s national policy think tank) on digital communications, digital economy, universal service, digital policy & regulatory matters & carried out international stakeholder interface.

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Department of Telecommunications, Government of India, New Delhi, India

May 2017-August 2019

Senior Deputy Director General/OSD to Secretary Telecom

Assisted Secretary (Telecom) in every facet of her role as Chairperson of the Digital Communications Commission, the apex policy-making body for Digital Communications in India.

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Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, India

June 2016 – April 2017

M.Phil. Dissertation on ‘Analysis of Regulatory Framework for Merger Review in India & Recommendations for Improvement.

Competition Commission of India, New Delhi, India

July 2014 – April 2016

Adviser (Combinations)

Headed the Combinations (M&A) Division and advised the Commission on 300 plus merger review cases. Improvements in Merger Regulations, International Interface, Co-Chair ICN MWG.

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National Disaster Management Authority, New Delhi, India

February 2012 – July 2014

Financial Adviser

Rendered Finance Advice to the Vice Chairperson on various aspects of NDMA’s role and responsibilities as laid down in the National Disaster Management Act, 2005.

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Universal Service Obligation of India, New Delhi, India

May 2007-January 2012

Joint Administrator/Head (Finance)

Headed Finance function and rendered finance advice on Universal Service policy, regulation, and programme implementation.

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UN: International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland

2018-2021

Co-Rapporteur for Question on Consumer Information, Protection & Rights

  • Co-chaired the Study Group and co-drafted the ITU Development Sector’s study report on Consumer Protection in the Digital Age, including the issues of emerging technologies, competition, and data protection.
  • Vice Chair of ITU Council’s Working Group on Finance and Human Resources. 2019-2021.
  • Served as ITU expert on an ITU Mission on Human Capacity Building for Digital Inclusion (Universal Service Policy and Programme on Access to ICTs for PwDs to the Government of Nepal and Afghanistan) in 2012-13.
  • Resource person to ITU since 2010 and at present.
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International Experience

INDO-European Union Cooperation (ICT)

2019-2021

  • Initiated & led a joint India-EU project on Advanced Digital Communications and report that analysed and compared the two jurisdiction’s regulatory frameworks for adopting advanced digital technologies. This report made recommendations for improvements in licensing regulation, spectrum, infrastructure management, supply chain security, green technologies, competition, cybersecurity, and data regulation and for boosting Indian contribution to international standard-setting. It also identified areas of Indo-EU collaboration.

International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland

Since 2010

  • Served as ITU resource person and presented a paper at an ITU conference on ICTs for All in Singapore in 2010
  • Served as ITU resource person and presented a paper at the ITU-Federal Communication Commission’s M-Enabling Summit in Washington in 2011

UN Women

2010-2012

  • Worked with UN Women to spearhead Sanchar Shakti, a very successful pilot project for mobile value-added services for rural women launched on the occasion of International Women’s Day in 2011 by the President of India

UNESCAP

2013-14

  • Served as an expert on Disaster Risk Reduction and Financing on a UNESCAP panel on Strategies towards Building Resilience to Disaster in the Asia Pacific held in Bangkok in 2013 and participated as part of the Indian delegation to UNESCAP in the third session of the Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction

International Competition Network

2014-16

  • Co-chaired the International Competition Network’s Merger Working Group (MWG) along with Canadian Competition Bureau and Director General Competition, European Commission and hosted the ICN MWG workshop in New Delhi in 2014.
  • Resource person for ICN Conferences
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